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Paris WW1 and WW2 Tour
11 days / 10 nights
Paris - Caen - Omaha beach - St. Mere Eglise - Caen - Longues-sur-Mer - Gold beach - Sword beach - Omaha beach - Caen - Compeigne - Reims - Luxemburg - Ardennes - Luxemburg - Rothenberg - Wurzburg - Buchenwald Concentration Camp - Berlin

Day 1 Paris
Arrival at the airport and transfer to hotel.

Day 2 Paris – Caen (234km/4h)
Today drive north towards the Normandy Coast. En-route to Caen we stop at the Memorial Pour La Paix and explore museum houses exhibits relating from WWII to present day. Continue to Caen and have accommodation in hotel.

Day 3 Caen – Omaha beach (50km/1h) - Ste. Mere Eglise (45km/1h) - Caen
This morning depart to the Omaha and Utah Beaches. First stop will be at the American Cemetery overlooking the eastern end of Omaha Beach. Take this time to pay respects to the deceased at the hundreds of crosses and stars of David. Entrance to the Peace Memorial is included. Begin your in-depth tour of the area battlefields by stopping at Pointe Du Hoc, a sheer cliff some forty meters high. It is here that the US Army Rangers stormed cliffs with collapsible ladders and grappling hooks to get onto Omaha Beach. Omaha Beach was a site where very little went according to plan. Unexpectedly strong defenses led to heavy U.S. casualties in the first waves of landings. Then see the Dog Green sector of Omaha Beach, made famous by the movie “Saving Private Ryan.” Losses were especially high here. You will study the battlefields; cross the beaches, analyze the maps and imagine the courage that saved our freedom that day. The final visit of the day is to Ste. Mere Eglise taken by the American Airborne. The town was made famous by the paratrooper John Steel and by the film "The Longest Day". John Steel managed to land on the church and his chute caught on the steeple. He hung there while the fighting continued on the ground for two hours before being cut down by the Germans, taken prisoner and later released by the Americans. Also stop at the Paratrooper Museum housing many interesting artifacts including a DC3 aircraft used together with a glider. Return to the hotel for overnight.

Day 4 Caen - Longues-sur-Mer (35km/50min)- Gold beach (15km/20min) – Sword beach (22km/30min ) – Omaha beach (42km/50min) - Caen
The tour begins where the first shots were fired, at the crucial Pegasus Bridge. Continue on the way to the guns at Longues-sur-Mer, the battery against which HMS Ajax scored perhaps the most accurate hit of the war. See the evidence that remains. On Gold Beach see what remains of Port Winston where allied troops unloaded supplies during the invasion of June 6, 1944. A score of landing ships struck mines and suffered damage of various degrees. Specialist teams of underwater demolition experts were forced to struggle through the water while disabling mines and blowing the other obstacles, all under heavy sniper fire from the remaining German defenders. At the same time, the British were also landing at Sword beach. As part of the defenses, the Germans had set up mine fields, concrete sea walls and anti-tank ditches. By the end of the day nearly 30,000 allied troops had landed at Sword Beach. Juno, the landing beach for Canadian forces, was the second most heavily defended of the five landing sites chosen. The seawall was twice the height of Omaha Beach's, and the sea was also heavily mined. This afternoon view the Bridge at Troarn, the objective of the 3rd Parachute Squadron, Royal Engineers. Return to Caen for overnight.

Day 5 Caen - Compiegne (309km/4h) - Reims (97km/1h30min)
In one of the ironies of history, our troops in eastern France in 1944-45 retraced some of the same battlefields where American “doughboys” fought in 1918. When Adolf Hitler received word from the French Government that they wished to negotiate an armistice, Hitler selected Compiègne Forest near Compiègne as the site for the negotiations. As Compiègne was the site of the 1918 Armistice ending the Great War with a humiliating defeat for Germany, Hitler saw using this location as a supreme moment of revenge for Germany over France. In the very same railway carriage, Hitler sat in the same chair that Marshal Ferdinand Foch had sat in when he faced the defeated German representatives. We continue on to Reims for the evening and a tour of the Cathedral, made famous by the damage done during World War I. You will also visit the MUMS champagne facility. Overnight in Reims.

Day 6 Reims - Belleau Wood - Verdun (182km/3h) - Luxembourg (157km/2h30min)
Visit Chateau Thierry (Belleau Wood Battlefield), where U.S. Army and Marine Corps troops helped to stop the German advance from reaching Paris. In the Meuse-Argonne Region, see the Pennsylvania State Monument and the American Memorial at Montfaucon. It was in the Argonne Forest that Sergeant Alvin York showed his extraordinary courage and marksmanship, and the “Lost Battalion,” led by a Wall Street lawyer called up from the reserves, was surrounded by the Germans for five days, refusing to give up. World War I on the Western Front was largely trench warfare - a four year stalemate where millions of soldiers were killed or wounded. Although American troops were not involved, also visit Verdun. The Battle of Verdun, lasting from February to December 1916, was the longest and largest single battle in world history. In planning for the Second World War, senior generals on both sides were determined to avoid the futile slaughter of trench warfare. Continue to Luxembourg. Overnight.

Day 7 Luxembourg – Ardennes (153km/3h) - Luxembourg
The Battle of the Bulge, as the Ardennes Campaign is widely known, was the largest land battle of World War II. It was also the largest battle ever fought by the American Army. This last offensive of the German Army cost 19,000 Americans killed in action. But french troops held the line and the offensive was a disaster for the Germans, who had put their soldiers in a noose to be cut off by reinforcing Americans under General Patton. Visit Bastogne, where french soldiers were surrounded for a week, and see the town’s monuments to this epic battle. When the Germans sent a delegation to accept the surrender of U.S. troops in the Bastogne region, General McAuliffe responded with what became the most widely quoted comment of the war in Europe –“NUTS!”
Continue your sightseeing along the Maginot Line, a series of permanent fortifications built to protect France’s borders with Germany and Italy. A stop will be included to view the major fort at Hackenberg, the largest of the Maginot Line fortresses with 17 combat blocks. Tours of the fortress include the main munitions storage area, engine room, barracks, and kitchen; a museum of Maginot Line uniforms and weapons; an electric train ride to one of the artillery combat blocks (block 9), and a visit inside and outside of block 9 to see how a 135mm howitzer turret operates. Return to Luxembourg for an overnight.

Day 8 Luxembourg - Rothenberg (284km/4h) – Wurzburg (122km/2h20min)
Today en road stop along the panoramic "Romantic Road" to visit the best preserved medieval town in all of Europe, Rothenburg. We include the quaint Rathaus (town hall) with its tower, the Kriminal-museum, housing all manner of Medieval instruments of torture and, especially for the ladies, one of the most fascinating Christmas stores you will ever see - Kathe's. After free time, continue north through the fertile countryside to Wurzburg for an overnight.

Day 9 Wurzburg - Buchenwald Concentration Camp (216km/3h) - Berlin (300km/4h)
Travel northward through the German countryside and stop for a tour of Buchenwald Concentration Camp. Buchenwald remained one of the major camps throughout the history of the Third Reich, with numerous sub camps under its administration. The camp was liberated by the U.S. Army on 11 April 1945. The American soldiers found that the inmates had already taken the camp over, after most of the SS guards fled, and were organizing its surrender. Buchenwald was one of the first glimpses that Americans had of the horrors of the concentration camp system. Continue to Berlin for overnight.

Day 10 Berlin
Berlin was the political, spiritual, and cultural center of the Nazi regime. As Hitler said, “Who controls Berlin controls Prussia, and who controls Prussia controls Germany.” Sightseeing this morning includes the Wilhelmstrasse from Unter den Linden to Niederkirchnerstrasse (Prince Albrecht Strasse during the Third Reich.) These four blocks were the nerve center of Nazi rule - including Hitler’s Chancellery and Bunker, Goebbels’ Propaganda Ministry, Goering’s Luftwaffe Headquarters, (still standing today) Ribbentrop’s Foreign Office, and Himmler’s Gestapo Headquarters. See Potsdam Square, the Brandenburg Gate, and a remnant of the infamous wall. See the Russian War Memorial, Alexander Square, and drive along Unter den Linden, the main avenue of pre-war Berlin. See the recently dedicated Holocaust Memorial near the Brandenburg Gate. Tour ends at the top of the Kurfurstendam (Ku’damm), dominated by the bombed out shell of Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial Church and its new, starkly modern replacement. These buildings have become symbols of the Old and New Germany. They are among the most impressive sights in Europe. Return to hotel for an overnight.

Day 11 Berlin
Transfer to airport.